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The key to health is eliminating toxicities and deficiencies! - Dr. William R. Kellas

Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablet
 
Hydrogen Enriched Water

The daily routine of supplying one's cells with molecular hydrogen can make one more free from cellular oxidation (aging process), IE it can stop free radical damage and degradation of the cells and molecules of one’s body — that lead to pain, dysfunction and disease; but this great benefit occurs only if one consumes an effective hydrogen product daily.


Consistently drinking water that has been enriched with hydrogen is one of the most powerful health habits science that has discovered and can significantly delay deterioration of one’s physical and mental functioning. Thankfully, it's a habit that most people can afford... and the science is palpable, duplicable, absolutely real:

Our Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablet is the most powerful Hydrogen Tablet of them all.

It takes only 90 to 120 seconds to achieve 7 to 9 ppm hydrogen rich water — in 8 to 12 ounces of water.

  • Don't be fooled by lesser valued knock-off hydrogen products that don't super saturate the water with hydrogen. With other products, you may have to drink ten times as much hydrogen rich water to get a similar benefit with the Hydrogen Rejuvenation tablet.
  • Hydrogen is the lightest, most active, exogenous antioxidant. It easily penetrates both fat and water soluble tissues to neutralize free radicals all throughout the body.
hrt effervescing
  • The super saturation capability of the rejuvenation tablet exists because of a proprietary effervescent technique that creates nano-bubbles of hydrogen... allowing more hydrogen to be held in the water than would otherwise occur... meaning you need less to drink far less hydrogen rich water for the same benefit.
    • 1 or 2 tablets daily are great for everyone who wants to stay young for as long as possible.
    • 2 to 3 tablets are best for athletes or persons with already existing chronic disease or waning health.
    • The anti-oxidizing effect of 1 tablet in 8 to 12 ounces of water is equivalent to drinking 1/2 gallon of other 1.5 ppm Hydrogen Rich Waters.
  • Our Hydrogen Rejuvenation™ tablet not only delivers the most hydrogen of any tablet on the market, it is also the most convenient — just drop a tablet into a glass of water or other liquid... wait 90 seconds and start drinking. For anyone who wants maximum benefit and convenience, this is it.

 

 

What does Hydrogen Rich Water Do for the Body?

    hydrogen rich water benefits
  • Best antioxidant.
  • More energy.
  • More ATP production.
  • Enhanced performance.
  • More strength without more exertion.
  • Faster recovery time from lactic acid build up in muscles.
  • Reduces toxins and bad bacteria in lungs, liver, kidney, intestines.
  • Supports the body to protect itself from ionizing radiation.
  • Helps the efficiency of your intestinal flora and/or your probiotic with a hydrogen-rich environment in the intestines.

 

Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablet Ordering Form

Comparative Retail Price: 69.00
Our Price: $59.95.

Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablet

hydrogen rejuvenation supplement facts


Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablets - Frequently Asked Questions

What is Hydrogen Rich Water?

It is water that contains dissolved hydrogen gas.

Can one overdose on hydrogen?

Not known absolutely; but having a problem from drinking too much hydrogen rich water does not appear likely. You would probably overdose on water before overdosing on hydrogen. No one has been able to demonstrate a danger from drinking hydrogen rich water. The only thing that has been demonstrated so far is that it is beneficial.

Is hydrogen-rich water safe for all people?

Yes. Hydrogen-rich water is safe for all ages — regardless of health condition or prescriptions one may be taking. Even pregnant women can drink hydrogen rich water and do so with great success.

What kind of water is best to use with the Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablet?

Any water will work. But, chlorine-free water is the very best type of water.

Why does water generated from the Hydrogen Rejuvenation tablet have a “different” taste?

A significant amount of magnesium goes into the water, about 80 mg per tablet, to be exact. That gives the water a “mineral” taste, which although, not objectionable, changes the taste of the original water.

Is the Hydrogen Rejuvenation™ tablet easy to use?

Yes, with the tablet, you simply drop one tablet in 8 to 12 ounces of water, wait about two minutes for the tablet to fizz and dissolve, and drink. With the Hydrogen Stick, and a similar amount of water you have to wait 90 minutes with one stick, 45 minutes with two sticks and 30 minutes with three sticks) before drinking and you have to recharge the Hydrogen stick in a vinegar bath once a month. So, the tablet is, in comparison, much faster in daily use and virtually effortless.

Can I use the Hydrogen Rejuvenation™ tablet in a half gallon pitcher, instead of a small, 8 to 12 ounce glasses or bottles?

Yes, but you (or whoever you are sharing the water with) will need to drink “all 64 ounces of that water” within minutes of the tablet dissolving or else you will lose substantial amounts of hydrogen to the atmosphere, that you will have then paid for, but lost. And, you won't get any more benefit than if you had put the tablet in just 8 to 12 ounces of water.

Can I use the Hydrogen Rejuvenation™ tablet in an open container?

Yes, if you drink all the water immediately (within a few minutes) upon the tablet being dissolved (waiting longer than few minutes will result in considerable hydrogen escaping into the atmosphere).

Can I use the Hydrogen Rejuvenation™ tablet in just a few ounces of water (say 3 ounces) instead of 8 to 12 ounces?

No, you should use 8 to 12 ounces of water, otherwise much of hydrogen will be unable to remain in the water because small amounts of water will quickly reach the point of not being able to hold more hydrogen nano-bubbles. The additional hydrogen created will then escape into the air and you will get less benefit.

User Stories Regarding Drinking Hydrogen Rich Water:

This is only educational material. No claims should be construed from any experiences because there are no scientific controls as to other factors that may be responsible for these results, and thus these stories may be anomalies. We only cite these stories for their value in inspiring further research:

  • A businessman in his 60s reports that since he started drinking hydrogen water, he has more energy and his memory is sharper than ever.
  • A runner says it has improved her endurance and sleep, and she has fewer aches and pains.
  • The daughter of a woman with Alzheimer's disease noticed rapid improvements in her mother's ability to remember names and events, and now she's doing activities such as showering without help... and generally “getting back to her old self.
  • A young man awoke from a three-month coma following a motorcycle accident with a dire prognosis due to severe cognitive, speech, and mobility problems. Hydrogen water jump-started his recovery, and today he is back working as a fitness instructor.
  • "Since I have been taking the hydrogen my energy is higher, my endurance is longer, squeezing in the last two reps with the extra power to push to the next reps. It is good for stamina, good for people working out day in and day out, like I do. I’m always ready for the next workout, without any resistance. I start work at 5 am and we train until 8 pm, and I feel strong all the way throughout the whole day; I feel I have more oxygen and energy throughout the days even though they are long. Also, I noticed my concentration and focus are sharper. Getting up early in the morning to train used to be difficult, but now I find it easy, I am excited and my mind is sharp and focused and the focus lasts all day. I actually look forward to my workouts more than before. This supplement is unique in my experience; there is a lightness to myself, like nothing else; I find my weight work lighter and easier. Recovery time is shorter, I don’t feel as sore." L. B. Certified Professional Trainer
  • "I tried the Hydrogen Rejuvenation Tablets for one day and I ran about 2 1/2 min faster on a 5 K distance than I did the last week on the same route. Basically I was amazed at the difference because I run my pace based strictly on my heart rate. I hope to be in touch soon and I think we may be able to help each other." Timothy E. Colbert, MS, ATC, LAT Chair, Division of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Delta State University, Cleveland, MS
  • "Drinking hydrogen enriched water is becoming a healthy fascination for me. I was diagnosed 2 years ago with Diabetes and it has been an effort to take my sugar levels on a daily basis. I really dreaded the results. But my “numbers” have improved so much, since drinking my H2 water; that I actually look forward to the “finger stick” to see the numbers now. My blood sugar levels have dropped an average of 17% and my “highs” are now what my “lows” use to be. But that is not the whole story. I am much more energetic, feel better, happier and more relaxed. I also love the improvement in my complexion. Wrinkles are disappearing and I really feel younger." J. D., Cape Cod

Other Internet Resources and Web Sites Regarding the Potential Benefits of Hydrogen Enriched Water:

This is only educational material. No claims should be construed from any ongoing experiments and studies. There is no recognized FDA approved claims on any of these things and we only reference these things as starting point for further research:

drinking hydrogen water is healthy

Having the hydrogen habit means:

  • Generally speakingyou will live longer and have better health!
  • Functionally you’ll be better hydrated, have softer skin, have less inflammation, less DNA degradation, you’ll think more clearly and not get as easily tired.

Here are Some Specific Benefits of Drinking Hydrogen Rich Water. Which Ones Are You Most Interested In?

  • Helps maximize anti-aging potential
  • Improves hydration levels (significantly better than tap water).
  • Helps improves absorption of food and supplements
  • Help reduce diarrhea and bowel complaints
  • Helps reduce wrinkles
  • Reduces lotion needs by hydrating skin
  • Reduces sun & wind damage
  • Helps reduce incidence and severity of headaches and chronic diseases such as arthritis that result from free radical damage
  • Helps to increase energy in muscles, as well as hydrate and lubricate joints and muscles during workouts, enabling longer workouts without pain and lactic acid buildup
  • Supports the body in maintaining or regaining optimal blood pressure
  • Helps hydrate hair follicles
  • Helps cleanse impurities from the cells and the body
  • Helps women have easier pregnancies and healthier babies.

What are Hydrogen Rich Water’s Mechanisms of Action For Improving Health?

  • The hydrogen gas in hydrogen rich water helps lessen oxidative damage to the body's cells by quenching or neutralizing (technically, this is called reducing) oxidants (free radicals). It does this to a much greater degree than can be accomplished by eating anti-oxidant rich foods.
    • Taking 1 Hydrogen Rejuvenation tablet twice a day is equivalent, in oxidant value, to eating 516 apples or 756 bananas or 38 carrots daily.
    • Hydrogen atoms are the tiniest of all antioxidants. Because they are so small and can easily enter all cells, they help to reduce damage from free radicals in all parts of the body. By reducing free radical damage they help reduce inflammatory, aging and chronic disease processes that would otherwise continue to occur.
    • According to one scientific study, drinking hydrogen rich water (1.5 liters daily of 1.5 ppm hydrogen rich water) for eight weeks resulted in a 39% increase in the antioxidant enzyme super oxide dismutase (SOD) and a 43% decrease in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in urine (TBARS are a measure of the oxidized and damaged fats in your body). Additionally, an 8% increase in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and a 13% decrease in total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol was observed from baseline to week 4. In other words, drinking hydrogen rich water is extremely anti-oxidizing and thus capable of delaying aging.
  • Hydrogen enriched water helps increase the amount of water in ones cells and tissues.
  • hydrogen rejuvenation tablet reduces water cluster size
    • The way this works is that molecular hydrogen changes the electrical charges in water which causes water molecules to form smaller groups (or water clusters), which allows easier hydration (movement of water into cells through aquaporins). When water moves more easily into cells it more easily transports vitamins and minerals and more easily removes toxins. This is one of the reasons for health benefits from utilizing hydrogen rich water. Better hydrated people recover faster from illness and have a reduced mortality. Sadly, while babies are 75% to 85% water, adults are often less than 50% water because the older we get the less ability our bodies have to convert large clusters of water into smaller clusters of water and single file aligned water that can easily enter cellular aquaporins in order to enter cells.
  • Hydrogen atoms are used in the mitochondria, in the presence of oxygen, to create efficient energy.
  • Hydrogen fuels the mitochondria
    • Hydrogen, literally, can fuel the ATP engine that powers every cell in the body. More fuel means more work can be done, less food needs to be eaten, and less food further reduces the oxidative load the body has to deal with. Having Hydrogen rich water literally means your mitochondria energy production can be higher, giving “greater energy and living capacity” for everything your body does.

Redox - at the Core of Life

Hidemitsu Hayashi

HIDEMITSU HAYASHI, M.D., Water Institute, Japan

The redox reaction, or reduction-oxidation process, is the most universal, fundamental, as well as, most important of all processes in life. The problem of life and death as well as health and sickness could, therefore, be explained and demonstrated by the concept of redox reaction.

For every disease there is a single key mechanism that dominates all others. If one can find it and then think one's way around it, one can control the disorder. (Lewis Thomas, MD Sloan Kettering Hospital, NYC)

A single key mechanism that dominates all others is nothing but redox reaction. So that, if we can find a way to control it, we can conquer the disorder. Water rich in atomic as well as molecular hydrogen should be an ultimate solution for it as far as my theory is concerned. (H. Hayashi, MD Water Institute, Japan) Redox Reaction

We can recap these concepts with a following analogy. Copper (Cu) loses its glitter by oxidation and is restored by reduction. In quite the same way, a cell unit is damaged (made sick) by oxidation and is restored (cured) by reduction resulting in the production of H2O. And, since oxidation is the process by which energy is created... it is by nature, damaging to our mitochondria and cells and must be balanced by reduction.

  • Stage 1: Oxidation of Cell unit - 2 Cu + O2 --> 2 CuO
  • Stage 2: Reduction of oxidized (damaged) Cell unit - CuO + H2 --> Cu + H2O

Water, the prerequisite for every life form

Water or H2O is the very product of redox reaction, i.e., a product of reduction by Hydrogen and oxidation by Oxygen. Therefore, it is only natural to say that every life form, born in H2O should be under the influence of redox reaction. In short, oxidation brings it sickness and reduction restores it to health again. It is quite clear from the evolutionary record that water is the foundation of life, because it was an environment which provided them with all the necessary conditions for birth and survival.

Active Oxygen

Active oxygen species are considered to inactivate enzymes in the cells, damage DNA and destroy lipid membrane which should cause every disease, aging as well as cancer as far as the most recent medical research is concerned. In other words, if we can succeed in preventing oxidative damage by active oxygen species, we can control the disorder as far as my theory is concerned.

Active Hydrogen

Then what is the most ideal countermeasure against active oxygen? It should be nothing but 'active hydrogen' as far as the logic is concerned. Active hydrogen or atomic hydrogen is known to have strong reducing potential. It is only natural to say that active oxygen species can be reduced or scavenged to produce O2-, H2O2 and HOE one after another to produce H2O as a result, as shown in the following.

  • O2 + e- --> O2-
  • O2- + HE + H+ --> H2O2
  • H2O2 + e- --> HOE + HO-
  • HOE + HE --> H2O
  • HO- + H+ --> H2O

(HE & HOE refer to hydrogenase enzyme chemical activity)

Hydrogen Poor Water

According to my concept, water can be classified into two kinds, i.e., hydrogen poor and hydrogen rich water.

Natural water or 99.9% of water found on the earth can be defined to be hydrogen poor water because of hydrogen bond energy connecting hydrogen with oxygen to make H2O. It is a logic of mine that natural water, hydrogen poor water, can't be enough to reduce or scavenge active oxygen species, which should have compelled us mankind to develop a procedure with which we can fight against sickness being brought as the result of oxidative damage by active oxygen.

In other words, human medicine, without reduction is a kind of fiction based system... following from intake of natural water or hydrogen poor water. On the contrary, we could easily be free from sickness if we depend on hydrogen rich water which can be enough to scavenge active oxygen species.

Hydrogen Rich Water

It is known that magnesium reacts with water to produce hydrogen gas when it is heated. We confirmed, however, that magnesium produces hydrogen gas even in water with room temperature which could be demonstrated by the Portable Hydrogen Detector developed by ourselves being explained in the following chemical formula.

  • Mg + 2H2O --> Mg(OH)2 + 2H --> Mg(OH)2 + H2

Active hydrogen in Hydrogen Rich Water binds with active oxygen to produce H2O. Molecular hydrogen in Hydrogen Rich Water can be split to atomic hydrogen by hydrogenase in our body being implied by R. Happe in his paper 'EEE hydrogenases are enzymes that can reversibly split molecular hydrogen. EEE Ni/Fe hydrogenases are among the oldest enzymes ( 3.8 billion years old ), demonstrating early that life forms had developed an effective way to activate molecular hydrogen at ambient temperature and pH. (BIOLOGICAL ACTIVATION OF HYDROGEN ; NATURE,385,126,1997).

Hydrogen Producing Mineral ( HPM )

'Hydrogen Rich Water' can easily be obtained by utilizing the reaction of water with magnesium, hydrogen producing mineral, whose preparation is named the Hydrogen Producing Mineral Stick and is being presented by us for general use. Magnesium oxide has long been used in medicine as a antacid and laxative. Quite a new aspect of the mineral, producing ability of hydrogen to scavenge active oxygen has been clarified now for the first time by us.

Hidemitsu Hayashi, MD
August 11, 2001

What do Sacred Healing Waters Have in Common? —Hydrogen Enriched Water

According to Dr. Susanetta Shirahata (Graduate School of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University), the so called miracle healing waters all contains molecular Hydrogen and the healing effect is simply the result of the health benefits of that Hydrogen.

  • Lourdes France Miracle Healing Water
    On the 9th of November 2002, Japan’s TBS TV program name USO, televised the story about this healing water from France and how 5 million visitors a year come to get some of this healing water and about the more than 3,670 cases of healing confirmed by doctors. The TV show discussed how the Lourdes miracle water was brought to Japan Kyushu University where it was analyzed by Dr. Susanetta Shirahata and found to be rich in molecular HYDROGEN.
  • Mexico - Tlacote Miracle Healing Water
    More than 8 million visitors a hear go to get some of this healing water 200 miles away from Mexico City, with numerous medical confirmations of the beneficial results, including Magic Johnson. A TV program was also broadcast about this water in 2000. Analysis showed that it was also rich in molecular HYDROGEN.
  • Germany – Norudenau Miracle water
    Less well known, but with more than 500 confirmed medical reports of healing, this water was analyzed and found to be rich in molecular HYDROGEN.
  • Pakistan - Hunza
    One of the longest-lived race of people in the world are called the Hunza. These people, located in the northern Pakistan, are found in several high-altitude mountain valleys. Many Hunza claim to be 150 years old; many others are documented centenarians (over age one hundred). For many years, scientists have pondered the mystery of what makes them so healthy, for they rarely suffer the diseases the rest of us know so well. Some researchers are beginning to believe that the Hunza miracle derives from the water that they drink. The mountain water that flows into the Hunza villages comes from the surrounding glaciers. This water is filled with mineral solutes, and it tests out to have the highest amount of dissolved molecular HYDROGEN yet discovered.

Clinical Research into Hydrogen Rich Water Benefits by Dr. Hidemitsu Hayashi

Water Institute, and Munenori KAWAMURA, M.D., Kyowa Medical Clinic,

(Our note: After reading through this research, you will be saying,
“why am I not doing this already?”

The research is absolutely compelling)

Hidemitsu Hayashi

In November ’95 I presented a hypothesis known by the title : ‘Water Regulating Theory (Hayashi’s Model)’ in a US health magazine (3). It says that active oxygen could be scavenged or reduced by atomic hydrogen, which results in production of H2O to give again a birthplace for every life form. My hypothesis was born from the clinical observation study in our clinic. Since May ’85 we have confirmed thousands of clinical improvements, obtained solely by exchanging drinking (as well as cooking water) from tap water to reduced water.

Those improvements were very exciting and some of them were considered to be miraculous at that time, when Shirahata’s paper was not yet submitted. It should be remembered that such putrefied metabolites are the same ones which are produced as a result of putrefaction of protein. The difference lies only in the fact that the former putrefaction process is brought about by intestinal microbes, whereas the latter is brought about by airborne microbes (Fig.2, 3). Based on these facts, I proposed a hypothesis ‘Pre-and posthepatic Organ Theory’ in 1988, 1989 & 1990 at the International Symposium on ‘Man and His Environment in Health and Disease’ held at Dallas, Texas, USA (Fig.4).

I stated that, as it is impossible to purify the polluted water in the St.Laurence River without purifying the polluted water in Lake Ontario, so it should be impossible to improve the disorders of post hepatic organs, without trying to improve the disorder of pre hepatic organs, namely putrefaction in gastrointestinal tract. Such clinical experiences have led us to recognize that reduced water is not only effective for restoration of intestinal flora metabolism, but also could be effective in scavenging active oxygen. Our clinical observation data, and my hypothesis, were delivered to Prof. Shirahata in April 1996 and his research has since started.

Shirahata’s paper means that cell metabolism, either microbial or cancerous, depends on its intracellular water, namely cell metabolism. This can vary according to the property of intracellular water, i.e. hydrogen-rich or not.. And even cancer cells might lose their characteristic feature of unlimited proliferation when they are immersed in hydrogen-rich water, originated and developed in Japan, but totally unknown in the past throughout the world. The solution might now be in our hands. Our ‘new water’ should be the first choice for all of us to take, as has been suggested by Happe, Shirahata and ourselves.

Case presentation on improvements of diabetes, hepatoma & atopic dermatitis.

CLINICAL IMPROVEMENTS OBTAINED FROM THE INTAKE OF REDUCED WATER

HAYASHI, Hidemitsu, M.D., Water Institute, & KAWAMURA, Munenori, M.D., Kyowa Medical Clinic, (1985-2000)

  • Improvement of blood glucose and HbAIC levels in diabetes mellitus.
  • Improvement of peripheral circulation in diabetic gangrene.
  • Improvement of uric acid levels in gout.
  • Improvement of liver function in hepatic disease, cirrhosis of liver, hepatitis.
  • Improvement of gastroduodenal ulcers and prevention of recurrences.
  • Improvement of cholesterol level; hypertension, angina, myocardial infarction.
  • Improvement of hypersensitive disorders; atopic dermatitis, asthma, urticaria.
  • Improvement of autoimmune disorders; rheumatism, collagen disease, SLE.
  • Improvement of so called specific diseases; Behcet’ syndrome, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, Kawasaki’s disease.
  • Improvement of malignant tumors of liver; hepatoma, metastatic tumors.
  • Improvement of general malaise, chronic constipation &diarrhea as well as persistent diarrhea occurred after gastric resection.
  • Improvement of dehydration in infants with vomiting and diarrhea caused by viral infection
  • Improvement of hyperbilirubinemia in newborns

Experiences of pregnant women who took reduced water during their pregnancy; almost no emesis, smooth delivery, slight jaundice, enough lactation, smooth and satisfactory growth of newborns…..

Devices to produce reduced water were introduced into our clinic in May 1985. Based on the clinical experiences obtained in the past 15 years, it can be said that introduction of naturally reduced water (using H-01 Active Hydrogen Generator) or electrolyzed-reduced water for drinking and cooking purpose for in-patients should be the very prerequisite in our daily medical practices.

It is because any dietary recipe cannot be a scientific one if property of water taken by the patients is not taken into consideration.

The Ministry of Health and Welfare in Japan announced in 1965 that the intake of reduced water is effective for restoration of intestinal flora metabolism.
 

Scientific Papers by Dr. Hidemitsu Hayashi:

  • Electrolyzed-Reduced Water Scavenges Active Oxygen Species and Protects DNA from Oxidative Damage
  • Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals
  • Supplementation of hydrogen-rich water improves lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance
  • Consumption of Molecular Hydrogen Prevents the Stress-Induced Impairments in Hippocampus-Dependent Learning Tasks during Chronic Physical Restraint in Mice
  • Hydrogen in Drinking Water Reduces Dopaminergic Neuronal Loss in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
  • Consumption of hydrogen water prevents atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice
  • Molecular hydrogen alleviates nephrotoxicity induced by an anti-cancer drug cisplatin without compromising anti-tumor activity in mice
  • Molecular hydrogen is protective against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced nigrostriatal degeneration in a rat model of Parkinson's disease
  • Rapid Diffusion of Hydrogen Protects the Retina: Administration to the Eye of Hydrogen-Containing Saline in Retinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
  • Electrolyzed-reduced water scavenges active oxygen species and protects DNA from oxidative damage

Briefs regarding each of the above:


“Electrolyzed-Reduced Water Scavenges Active Oxygen Species and Protects DNA from Oxidative Damage”

Sanetaka Shirahata, Shirgeru Kabayama, Mariko Nakano, Takumi Miura, Kenichi Kusumoto, Miho Gotoh, Hidemitsu Hayashi, Kazumichi Otsubo, Shinkatsu Morisawa, and Yoshinori Katakura

Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 234, No.1, May 8, 1997

Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water exhibits high pH, low dissolved oxygen (DO), extremely high dissolved molecular hydrogen (DH), and extremely negative redox potential (RP) values. Strongly electrolyzed-reduced water, as well as ascorbic acid, (+)-catechin and tannic acid, completely scavenged O.-2 produced by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase (HX-XOD) system in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0). The superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity of reduced water is stable at 4 degrees C for over a month and was not lost even after neutralization, repeated freezing and melting, deflation with sonication, vigorous mixing, boiling, repeated filtration, or closed autoclaving, but was lost by opened autoclaving or by closed autoclaving in the presence of tungsten trioxide which efficiently adsorbs active atomic hydrogen. Water bubbled with hydrogen gas exhibited low DO, extremely high DH and extremely low RP values, as does reduced water, but it has no SOD-like activity. These results suggest that the SOD-like activity of reduced water is not due to the dissolved molecular hydrogen but due to the dissolved atomic hydrogen (active hydrogen). Although SOD accumulated H2O2 when added to the HX-XOD system, reduced water decreased the amount of H2O2 produced by XOD. Reduced water, as well as catalase and ascorbic acid, could directly scavenge H2O2. Reduced water suppresses single-strand breakage of DNA b active oxygen species produced by the Cu(II)-catalyzed oxidation of ascorbic acid in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that reduced water can scavenge not only O2.- and H2O2, but also 1O2 and .OH.

“Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals”

Ikuroh Ohsawa, Masahiro Ishikawa, Kumiko Takahashi, Megumi Watanabe, Kiyomi Nishimaki, Kumi Yamagata, Ken-ichiro Katsura, Yasuo Katayama, Sadamitsu Asoh and Shigeo Ohta

Published in: Nature Medicine: Advance Online Publication, published on line May 7, 2007 Nature Publishing Group, http://www.nature.com/naturemedicine.

Abstract

Acute oxidative stress induced by ischemia-reperfusion or inflammation causes serious damage to tissues, and persistent oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of many common diseases including cancer. We show here that hydrogen (H2) has potential as an antioxidant in preventive and therapeutic applications. We induced acute oxidative stress in cultured cells by three independent methods. H2 selectively reduced the hydroxyl radical, the most cytotoxic of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and effectively protected cells; however, H2 did not react with other ROS, which possess physiological roles. We used an acute rat model in which oxidative stress damage was induced in the brain by focal ischemia and reperfusion. The inhalation of H2 gas markedly suppressed brain injury by buffering the effects of oxidative stress. Thus H2 can be used as an effective antioxidant therapy; owing to its ability to rapidly diffuse across membranes, it can reach and react with cytotoxic ROS and thus protect against oxidative damage.

“Supplementation of hydrogen-rich water improves lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance”

Sizuo Kajiyama, Goji Hasegawa, Mai Asano, Hiroko Hosoda, michiaki Fukui, Naoto Nakamura, Jo Kitawaki, saeko Imai, Koji Nakano, Mitsuhiro Ohta, Tetsui Adachi, Hiroshi Obayashi, Toshikazu Yoshikawa Published in: Science Direct; Nutrition Research 28 (2008) 137-143; Elsevier Available online at www.sciencedirect.com : Nutrition Research www.elsevier.com/locate/nutres

Abstract

Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 30 patients with T2DM controlled by diet and exercise therapy and 6 patients with IGT. The patients consumed either 900 mL/d of hydrogen-rich pure water or 900 mL of placebo pure water for 8 weeks, with a 12-week washout period. Several biomarkers of oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and glucose metabolism, assessed by an oral glucose tolerance test, were evaluated at baseline and at 8 weeks. Intake of hydrogen-rich water was associated with significant decreases in the levels of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (ie, modifications that increase the net negative charge of LDL), small dense LDL, and urinary 8-isoprostanes by 15.5% (P < .01), 5.7% (P < .05), and 6.6% (P < .05), respectively. Hydrogen-rich water intake was also associated with a trend of decreased serum concentrations of oxidized LDL and free fatty acids, and increased plasma levels of adiponectin and extracellular-superoxide dismutase. In 4 of 6 patients with IGT, intake of hydrogen-rich water normalized the oral glucose tolerance test. In conclusion, these results suggest that supplementation with hydrogen-rich water may have a beneficial role in prevention of T2DM and insulin resistance.

“Consumption of Molecular Hydrogen Prevents the Stress-Induced Impairments in Hippocampus-Dependent Learning Tasks during Chronic Physical Restraint in Mice”

Kazufumi Nagata, Naomi Nakashima-Kamimura, Toshio Mikami, Ikuroh Ohsawa, Shigeo Ohta

Neuropsychopharmacology advance online publication 18 June 2008; doi:10.1038/npp.2008.95

Abstract

We have reported that hydrogen (H2) acts as an efficient antioxidant by gaseous rapid diffusion. When water saturated with hydrogen (hydrogen water) was placed into the stomach of a rat, hydrogen was detected at several  M level in blood. Because hydrogen gas is unsuitable for continuous consumption, we investigated using mice whether drinking hydrogen water ad libitum, instead of inhaling hydrogen gas, prevents cognitive impairment by reducing oxidative stress. Chronic physical restraint stress to mice enhanced levels of oxidative stress markers, malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, in the brain, and impaired learning and memory, as judged by three different methods: passive avoidance learning, object recognition task, and the Morris water maze. Consumption of hydrogen water ad libitum throughout the whole period suppressed the increase in the oxidative stress markers and prevented cognitive impairment, as judged by all three methods, whereas hydrogen water did not improve cognitive ability when no stress was provided. Neural proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus was suppressed by restraint stress, as observed by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation and Ki-67 immunostaining, proliferation markers. The consumption of hydrogen water ameliorated the reduced proliferation although the mechanistic link between the hydrogen-dependent changes in neurogenesis and cognitive impairments remains unclear. Thus, continuous consumption of hydrogen water reduces oxidative stress in the brain, and prevents the stress-induced decline in learning and memory caused by chronic physical restraint. Hydrogen water may be applicable for preventive use in cognitive or other neuronal disorders.

“Hydrogen in Drinking Water Reduces Dopaminergic Neuronal Loss in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease”

Kyota Fujita1, Toshihiro Seike1, Noriko Yutsudo2, Mizuki Ohno2, Hidetaka Yamada2, Hiroo Yamaguchi2, Kunihiko Sakumi2, Yukiko Yamakawa1, Mizuho A. Kido3, Atsushi Takaki4, Toshihiko Katafuchi4, Yoshinori Tanaka5, Yusaku Nakabeppu2#, Mami Noda

Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, 2 Division of Neurofunctional Genomics, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, 3 Department of Oral Anatomy and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Dental Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, 4 Department of Integrative Physiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, 5 R&D Center, Home Appliances Manufacturing Business Unit, Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan

PLoS ONE | www.plosone.org 1 September 2009 | Volume 4 | Issue 9 |

It has been shown that molecular hydrogen (H2) acts as a therapeutic antioxidant and suppresses brain injury by buffering the effects of oxidative stress. Chronic oxidative stress causes neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we show that drinking H2-containing water significantly reduced the loss of dopaminergic neurons in PD model mice using both acute and chronic administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). The concentration-dependency of H2 showed that H2 as low as 0.08 ppm had almost the same effect as saturated H2 water (1.5 ppm). MPTP-induced accumulation of cellular 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a marker of DNA damage, and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), a marker of lipid peroxidation were significantly decreased in the nigro-striatal dopaminergic pathway in mice drinking H2-containing water, whereas production of superoxide (O2•−) detected by intravascular injection of dihydroethidium (DHE) was not reduced significantly. Our results indicated that low concentration of H2 in drinking water can reduce oxidative stress in the brain. Thus, drinking H2-containing water may be useful in daily life to prevent or minimize the risk of life style-related oxidative stress and neurodegeneration.

Consumption of hydrogen water prevents atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice

Ikuroh Ohsawaa, b, Kiyomi Nishimakia, Kumi Yamagataa, Masahiro Ishikawaa and Shigeo Ohtaa,

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, 1-396 Kosugi-cho, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 211-8533, Japan

The Center of Molecular Hydrogen Medicine, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki 211-8533, Japan

Received 16 October 2008.  Available online 6 November 2008.

Abstract

Oxidative stress is implicated in atherogenesis; however most clinical trials with dietary antioxidants failed to show marked success in preventing atherosclerotic diseases. We have found that hydrogen (dihydrogen; H2) acts as an effective antioxidant to reduce oxidative stress [I. Ohsawa, M. Ishikawa, K. Takahashi, M. Watanabe, K. Nishimaki, K. Yamagata, K. Katsura, Y. Katayama, S, Asoh, S. Ohta, Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals, Nat. Med. 13 (2007) 688–694]. Here, we investigated whether drinking H2-dissolved water at a saturated level (H2–water) ad libitum prevents arteriosclerosis using an apolipoprotein E knockout mouse (apoE−/−), a model of the spontaneous development of atherosclerosis. ApoE−/− mice drank H2–water ad libitum from 2 to 6 month old throughout the whole period. Atherosclerotic lesions were significantly reduced by ad libitum drinking of H2–water (p = 0.0069) as judged by Oil-Red-O staining series of sections of aorta. The oxidative stress level of aorta was decreased. Accumulation of macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions was confirmed. Thus, consumption of H2-dissolved water has the potential to prevent arteriosclerosis.

Molecular hydrogen alleviates nephrotoxicity induced by an anti-cancer drug cisplatin without compromising anti-tumor activity in mice

Naomi Nakashima-Kamimura1, Takashi Mori3, Ikuroh Ohsawa1, 2, Sadamitsu Asoh1 and Shigeo Ohta1

Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, Volume 64, Number 4 / September, 2009, Friday, January 16, 2009

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki Kanagawa, 211-8533, Japan

The Center of Molecular Hydrogen Medicine, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki Kanagawa, 211-8533, Japan
Institute of Medical Science, Saitama Medical Center/University, Kawagoe Saitama, 350-8550, Japan

Received: 24 September 2008  Accepted: 30 December 2008  Published online: 16 January 2009

Abstract

Purpose  Cisplatin is a widely used anti-cancer drug in the treatment of a wide range of tumors; however, its application is limited by nephrotoxicity, which is affected by oxidative stress. We have reported that molecular hydrogen (H2) acts as an efficient antioxidant (Ohsawa et al. in Nat Med 13:688–694, 2007). Here we show that hydrogen efficiently mitigates the side effects of cisplatin by reducing oxidative stress.

Methods  Mice were administered cisplatin followed by inhaling hydrogen gas (1% H2 in air). Furthermore, instead of inhaling hydrogen gas, we examined whether drinking water containing hydrogen (hydrogen water; 0.8 mM H2 in water) is applicable by examining oxidative stress, mortality, and body-weight loss. Nephrotoxicity was assessed by morphological changes, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels.

Results  Inhalation of hydrogen gas improved mortality and body-weight loss caused by cisplatin, and alleviated nephrotoxicity. Hydrogen was detected in blood when hydrogen water was placed in the stomach of a rat. Consuming hydrogen water ad libitum also reduced oxidative stress, mortality, and body-weight loss induced by cisplatin in mice. Hydrogen water improved metamorphosis accompanying decreased apoptosis in the kidney, and nephrotoxicity as assessed by serum creatinine and BUN levels. Despite its protective effects against cisplatin-induced toxicity, hydrogen did not impair anti-tumor activity of cisplatin against cancer cell lines in vitro and tumor-bearing mice in vivo.

Conclusion  Hydrogen has potential for improving the quality of life of patients during chemotherapy by efficiently mitigating the side effects of cisplatin.
 

Molecular hydrogen is protective against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced nigrostriatal degeneration in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.

Neurosci Lett. 2009 Apr 3;453(2):81-5. Epub 2009 Feb 12. Fu Y, Ito M, Fujita Y, Ito M, Ichihara M, Masuda A, Suzuki Y, Maesawa S, Kajita Y, Hirayama M, Ohsawa I, Ohta S, Ohno K.

Division of Neurogenetics, Center for Neurological Diseases and Cancer, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
Molecular hydrogen serves as an antioxidant that reduces hydroxyl radicals, but not the other reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. In the past year, molecular hydrogen has been reported to prevent or ameliorate eight diseases in rodents and one in human associated with oxidative stress. In Parkinson's disease, mitochondrial dysfunction and the associated oxidative stress are major causes of dopaminergic cell loss in the substantia nigra. We examined effects of approximately 50%-saturated molecular hydrogen in drinking water before or after the stereotactic surgery on 6-hydroxydopamine-induced nigrostrital degeneration in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Methamphetamine-induced behavioral analysis showed that molecular hydrogen prevented both the development and progression of the nigrostrital degeneration. Tyrosine hydroxylase staining of the substantia nigra and striatum also demonstrated that pre- and post-treatment with hydrogen prevented the dopaminergic cell loss. Our studies suggest that hydrogen water is likely able to retard the development and progression of Parkinson's disease.
 

Rapid Diffusion of Hydrogen Protects the Retina: Administration to the Eye of Hydrogen-Containing Saline in Retinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Hideaki Oharazawa,1 Tsutomu Igarashi,2 Takashi Yokota,3 Hiroaki Fujii,4 Hisaharu Suzuki,5 Mitsuru Machide,6 Hiroshi Takahashi,7 Shigeo Ohta,8 and Ikuroh

Ohsawa9 1Department of Ophthalmology, Musashikosugi Hospital, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan 2Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan 3Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan 4Department of Ophthalmology, Musashikosugi Hospital, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan 5Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan 6The Center of Molecular Hydrogen Medicine, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan 7Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan 8Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan 9The Center of Molecular Hydrogen Medicine, Institute of Development and Aging Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Kawasaki, Japan

Correspondence: Ikuroh Ohsawa, Email: iohsawa@nms.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE. Retinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by transient elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) is known to induce neuronal damage through the generation of reactive oxygen species. Previous studies indicate that molecular hydrogen (H2) is an efficient antioxidant gas that selectively reduces the hydroxyl radical ( OH) and suppresses oxidative stress-induced injury in several organs. This study was conducted to explore the neuroprotective effect of H2-loaded eye drops on retinal I/R injury.
 

Electrolyzed-reduced water scavenges active oxygen species and protects DNA from oxidative damage.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 May 8;234(1):269-74.

Shirahata S, Kabayama S, Nakano M, Miura T, Kusumoto K, Gotoh M, Hayashi H, Otsubo K, Morisawa S, Katakura Y.

Institute of Cellular Regulation Technology, Graduate School of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. sirahata@grt.kyushu-u.ac.jp

Active oxygen species or free radicals are considered to cause extensive oxidative damage to biological macromolecules, which brings about a variety of diseases as well as aging. The ideal scavenger for active oxygen should be 'active hydrogen'. 'Active hydrogen' can be produced in reduced water near the cathode during electrolysis of water. Reduced water exhibits high pH, low dissolved oxygen (DO), extremely high dissolved molecular hydrogen (DH), and extremely negative redox potential (RP) values. Strongly electrolyzed-reduced water, as well as ascorbic acid, (+)-catechin and tannic acid, completely scavenged O.-2 produced by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase (HX-XOD) system in sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.0). The superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity of reduced water is stable at 4 degrees C for over a month and was not lost even after neutralization, repeated freezing and melting, deflation with sonication, vigorous mixing, boiling, repeated filtration, or closed autoclaving, but was lost by opened autoclaving or by closed autoclaving in the presence of tungsten trioxide which efficiently adsorbs active atomic hydrogen. Water bubbled with hydrogen gas exhibited low DO, extremely high DH and extremely low RP values, as does reduced water, but it has no SOD-like activity. These results suggest that the SOD-like activity of reduced water is not due to the dissolved molecular hydrogen but due to the dissolved atomic hydrogen (active hydrogen). Although SOD accumulated H2O2 when added to the HX-XOD system, reduced water decreased the amount of H2O2 produced by XOD. Reduced water, as well as catalase and ascorbic acid, could directly scavenge H2O2. Reduced water suppresses single-strand breakage of DNA b active oxygen species produced by the Cu(II)-catalyzed oxidation of ascorbic acid in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that reduced water can scavenge not only O2.- and H2O2, but also 1O2 and .OH.

PMID: 9169001 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Additional comment on above article by Dr. Shirahata:

Dr.Sanetaka Shirahata

Graduate school of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan.

It has long been established that reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause many types of damage to biomolecules and cellular structures, that, in turn result in the development of a variety of pathologic states such as diabetes, cancer and aging. Reduced water is defined as anti-oxidative water produced by reduction of water. Electrolyzed reduced water (ERW) has been demonstrated to be hydrogen-rich water and can scavenge ROS in vitro (Shirahata et al., 1997). The reduction of proton in water to active hydrogen (atomic hydrogen, hydrogen radical) that can scavenge ROS is very easily caused by a weak current, compared to oxidation of hydroxyl ion to oxygen molecule. Activation of water by magnetic field, collision, minerals etc. will also produce reduced water containing active hydrogen and/or hydrogen molecule. Several natural waters such as Hita Tenryosui water drawn from deep underground in Hita city in Japan, Nordenau water in Germany and Tlacote water in Mexico are known to alleviate various diseases. We have developed a sensitive method by which we can detect active hydrogen existing in reduced water, and have demonstrated that not only ERW but also natural reduced waters described above contain active hydrogen and scavenge ROS in cultured cells. ROS is known to cause reduction of glucose uptake by inhibiting the insulin-signaling pathway in cultured cells. Reduced water scavenged intracellular ROS and stimulated glucose uptake in the presence or absence of insulin in both rat L6 skeletal muscle cells and mouse 3T3/L1 adipocytes. This insulin-like activity of reduced water was inhibited by wortmannin that is specific inhibitor of PI-3 kinase, a key molecule in insulin signaling pathways. Reduced water protected insulin-responsive cells from sugar toxicity and improved the damaged sugar tolerance of type 2 diabetes model mice, suggesting that reduced water may improve insulin-independent diabetes mellitus. Cancer cells are generally exposed to high oxidative stress. Reduced water cause impaired tumor phenotypes of human cancer cells, such as reduced growth rate, morphological changes, reduced colony formation ability in soft agar, passage number-dependent telomere shortening, reduced binding abilities of telomere binding proteins and suppressed metastasis. Reduced water suppressed the growth of cancer cells transplanted into mice, demonstrating their anti-cancer effects in vivo. Reduced water will be applicable to not only medicine but also food industries, agriculture, and manufacturing industries.
 

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